A total of 18 species of shark and ray, at risk due to the scale of international trade in their fins and meat, have today been awarded key Appendix II protections by the 18th Conference of the Parties (CoP18) of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
The listing covers the endangered shortfin and longfin mako shark, along with six species of giant guitarfish and 10 species of wedgefish. Of the giant guitarfish and wedgefish species on the listing, all except one of the wedgefish species are critically endangered.
The mako sharks listing was passed by 102 votes in support, with 40 against and five abstentions. The giant guitarfishes listing was passed by 109 votes in support, with 30 against and four abstentions, while the wedgefishes listing was passed by 112 votes in support, with 30 against and four abstentions. The United States supported all but the mako shark listing. It is a prized “game” fish and is also killed for its fins, flesh, oil, liver, and cartilage, its jaws and teeth are decorative objects and even trophies. And like other species of sharks, it is a victim of bycatch.
“Endangered sharks and rays that are swimming towards extinction at the expense of humans will now get the international protections they deserve,” said Turtle Island Restoration Network Executive Director Todd Steiner. “Protecting these species under CITES is the first step to halting their tragic decline, and initiating the recovery of the species.”
Makos, the fastest sharks in the sea, are among the few species of shark that are warm-blooded, enabling them to travel at speeds which most speedboats cannot compete with. It has developed a unique physiology that allows it to maintain a warmer body temperature than the water and specialized body form to allow it its amazing athleticism.
Giant guitarfishes (named for their guitar-like shape), and wedgefishes are flat-bodied shark-like rays, adapted for living close to the seabed. Of all shark species, giant guitarfishes and wedgefishes are considered to be at greatest risk of extinction.
More than half of sharks and their relatives are recognized as being threatened or near threatened with extinction and at least 100 million sharks are killed annually in commercial fisheries, including the California driftnet fishery. While much progress has been made to better manage these species globally, around 83% of the international shark fin trade that drives high levels of shark catch is unregulated, leaving these marine animals which all play a vital role in the ocean ecosystem in peril.
For 30 years, Turtle Island Restoration Network has been a leading advocate for global protections for endangered sharks and rays, advocating for the listing of silky sharks at CITES in 2016 and tagging more than 150 sharks with acoustic telemetry to collect data to win an international migratory swimway in the Eastern Tropical Pacific.