For Immediate Release, January 11, 2021

Contact: Joanie Steinhaus, Turtle Island Restoration Network, (512) 417-7741,
Jake Bleich, Defenders of Wildlife, (510) 882-1592,
Jaclyn Lopez, Center for Biological Diversity, (727) 490-9190,
Chris Eaton, Earthjustice, (206) 343-7340,

Feds to Be Sued for Weakening Sea Turtle Protections

Fisheries Service Scales Back Plans to Protect Sea Turtles From Shrimp Nets

ST. PETERSBURG, Fla.— Conservation groups issued a formal notice today of their intent to sue the National Marine Fisheries Service for drastically weakening rules that prevent sea turtles from dying in shrimp trawl nets.

The Trump administration’s final rule reversed course on a proposed rule about turtle excluder devices in shrimp trawl fisheries in the Gulf of Mexico and South Atlantic, reducing the measure’s effectiveness by more than 50%. The weakened rule exempts turtle excluder devices on vessels smaller than 40 feet, which will result in an estimated 1,300 preventable sea turtle deaths from smaller vessels each year.

“These new regulations are irresponsible and must be improved. There is no excuse to let sea turtles suffer an excruciating death drowning in shrimp nets when there is a simple device to let them escape,” said Turtle Island Restoration Network Gulf Program Director Joanie Steinhaus.

There are only seven species of sea turtles in the world, and all sea turtles found in U.S. waters are protected by the Endangered Species Act. In total five endangered and threatened sea turtle species are harmed by this rule, which becomes effective in April.

Conservative estimates suggest that, on average, shrimp trawlers routinely kill and discard about three pounds of unintended “bycatch” for every pound of shrimp they haul in. The bycatch includes thousands of sea turtles that drown every year along the Gulf and Atlantic coasts while being dragged to their deaths in shrimp nets.

“A shrimp cocktail is not worth the life of a sea turtle,” said Jaclyn Lopez, Florida director of the Center for Biological Diversity. “We have to do more to protect these extraordinary creatures before it’s too late. Devices to exclude sea turtles from shrimp nets just make sense.”

“The Fisheries Service’s new rule ignores and exacerbates the reckless killings of some of the most endangered sea turtles on Earth,” said Jane Davenport, a senior attorney at Defenders of Wildlife. “Now more than ever, we need to implement the proven technology of turtle excluder devices for all vessels and enable shrimp trawling to coexist with these amazing animals before it’s too late.”

For decades turtle excluder devices have been required for large segments of the U.S. shrimp fleet, but certain gear types have been exempt, resulting in approximately 3,000 preventable sea turtle deaths each year.

“We know that these devices work to keep sea turtles from dying in shrimp nets,” said Earthjustice attorney Chris Eaton. “It is a proven solution that has stopped needless carnage in many places across the globe, and it will work here as well.”

Today’s notice gives the agency 60 days to address the violations alleged in the letter before the groups file a lawsuit. The conservation groups — Turtle Island Restoration Network, the Center for Biological Diversity, and Defenders of Wildlife — are represented by attorneys with Earthjustice.

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Loggerhead sea turtle escaping a net with a turtle excluder device. Image is available for media use.

Turtle Island Restoration Network is a global nonprofit whose mission is to inspire and mobilize people around the world to protect marine biodiversity and the oceans that sustain all life on Earth.

The Center for Biological Diversity is a national, nonprofit conservation organization with more than 1.7 million members and online activists dedicated to the protection of endangered species and wild places.

Defenders of Wildlife is dedicated to the protection of all native animals and plants in their natural communities. With over 1.8 million members and activists, Defenders of Wildlife is a leading advocate for innovative solutions to safeguard our wildlife heritage for generations to come. For more information, visit and follow us on Twitter @Defenders.

Earthjustice, the nation’s premier nonprofit environmental law organization, wields the power of law and the strength of partnership to protect people’s health, to preserve magnificent places and wildlife, to advance clean energy, and to combat climate change. Because the earth needs a good lawyer.