Investigations and reports have found some seafood is caught by foreign crews confined on boats.

Tuna, marlin, shark, sailfish, and swordfish commercially caught in Hawaii are likely caught by foreign fisherfolk facing squalid living and working conditions without basic labor protections or the ability to seek legal recourse. In some instances, workers are enduring slavery enabled by the U.S. government via a loophole for foreign fisherfolk targeting the aforementioned species to be exempted from basic labor protections. In 2016, an in-depth investigation by the Associated Press concluded that rampant conditions existed in the Hawaii commercial longline fishing fleet, likened to human trafficking, slavery and human rights abuses. Legislators vowed reform. In 2018, Turtle Island Restoration Network filed a case for this issue with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. Last year, Georgetown University’s Human Rights Institute released an extensive and gripping report on the subject – and lack of meaningful change – aptly named: The Price of Paradise: Vulnerabilities to Forced Labor in the Hawaiian Longline Fishing Industry.

Is there slavery in your seafood?

Other Seafood Hazards

Destructive Fishing Methods

Shark Finning

Illegal Fishing Practices