For Immediate Release
February 18, 2020

Brett Hartl, Center for Biological Diversity, (202) 817-8121,
Maia Raposo, Waterkeeper Alliance, (212) 747-0622 x 116,
Annalisa Batanides Tuel, Turtle Island Restoration Network, (408) 621-8113,

Lawsuit Launched Over Trump’s Massive Rollback of Pollution Protections for Rivers, Wetlands

Rule Threatens Millions of Acres of Wetlands, Hundreds of Endangered Species

WASHINGTON— Conservation groups filed a formal notice of intent to sue the Trump administration today for eliminating longstanding protections for the nation’s waters, including approximately half of all wetlands and potentially millions of miles of streams. The Trump rule allows polluters to pave over wetlands and dump pesticides, mining waste and other pollutants directly into these now-unprotected waterways.

The impacts of this rollback were revealed by a leaked Environmental Protection Agency analysis that indicates arid states like Arizona, New Mexico and Nevada could lose protections for the vast majority of their waters. The loss of protections puts hundreds of endangered species at greater risk of extinction, including the Chiricahua leopard frog, Chinook salmon and southwestern willow flycatcher.

In the South Bay, East Bay and Marin and Sonoma counties, ephemeral drainages will lose protection and negatively affect streams that support anadromous salmonids.

“Trump’s despicable giveaway to polluters will wipe out countless wetlands and streams and speed the extinction of endangered wildlife across the country,” said Brett Hartl, government affairs director at the Center for Biological Diversity. “Even as we’re fighting this in court, the polluters will rush to fill in wetlands and turn our waterways into industrial toilets. So go outside, take a swim, or go fishing at your favorite spot now, because the deluge of pollution unleashed by Donald Trump will soon touch waterways from coast to coast.”

The final rule limits protections only to wetlands and streams that are “physically and meaningfully connected” to larger navigable bodies of water. The radical change repeals longstanding protections for wetlands, streams and rivers that have been in place since the Nixon administration and that are responsible for major improvements in water quality nationwide.

President Trump’s Executive Order 13778 required the EPA and Army Corps of Engineers to review the rule defining which waters deserve Clean Water Act protections. The agencies decided to protect only those waters that have “a relatively permanent surface connection” to a territorial sea or commercially navigable body of water such as a shipping channel — a myopic legal interpretation that ignores decades of settled law and the basics of hydrology. The rule partially follows the minority legal view of the late Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia, which was never adopted by the Supreme Court, but goes even further to eliminate protections for many other waters across the country.

“This reverses more than 40 years of progress and settled law,” said Kelly Hunter Foster, a senior attorney at Waterkeeper Alliance. “Because the rule establishes arbitrary categories of protected waters, EPA and the Army Corps do not have the data necessary to fully identify the waters that will lose protection and they haven’t even assessed the impacts of leaving these waters unprotected where adequate data is available. Their actions are not only reckless — they are illegal.”

In rushing to comply with Trump’s executive order, the agencies violated both the Endangered Species Act and National Environmental Policy Act. Both laws require the federal government to “look before you leap” and ensure that the environmental consequences of a particular action will not cause unintended environmental damage.

“Clean water is the single most important resource for countless species, including humans,” said Annalisa Batanides Tuel, advocacy and policy manager at the Turtle Island Restoration Network. “Right now we’re facing the reality of climate change and widespread habitat loss. It is critical to expand Clean Water Act protections — not shrink them — if we want to avoid mass extinction.”

Today’s notice of intent was submitted by the Center for Biological Diversity, Waterkeeper Alliance, Center for Food Safety, Turtle Island Restoration Network, Humboldt Baykeeper, Lake Worth Waterkeeper, Missouri Confluence Waterkeeper, Monterey Coastkeeper – A Program of the Otter Project, Rio Grande Waterkeeper, Sound Rivers (Upper Neuse, Lower Neuse and Pamlico-Tar Riverkeepers), Russian Riverkeeper, Upper Missouri Waterkeeper and Snake River Waterkeeper.

The organizations are represented by the Indian and Environmental Law Group of Oklahoma.

The Center for Biological Diversity is a national, nonprofit conservation organization with more than 1.7 million members and online activists dedicated to the protection of endangered species and wild places.

Waterkeeper Alliance is a global movement uniting more than 300 Waterkeeper Organizations and Affiliates around the world, focusing citizen action on issues that affect our waterways, from pollution to climate change. The Waterkeeper movement patrols and protects over 2.5 million square miles of rivers, lakes, and coastlines in the Americas, Europe, Australia, Asia, and Africa. For more information, please visit

Center for Food Safety’s mission is to empower people, support farmers, and protect the earth from the harmful impacts of industrial agriculture. Through groundbreaking legal, scientific, and grassroots action, we protect and promote everybody’s right to safe food and the environment. Please join our more than 950,000 advocates across the country at Twitter: @CFSTrueFood, @CFS_Press

Turtle Island Restoration Network is a leading advocate for the world’s oceans and marine wildlife whose mission is to inspire and mobilize people around the world to protect marine biodiversity and the oceans that sustain all life on Earth.

Humboldt Baykeeper is a project of the Northcoast Environmental Center, a nonprofit public interest organization headquartered in Arcata, California, dedicated to safeguarding coastal resources for the health, enjoyment, and economic strength of the Humboldt Bay community.

Lake Worth Waterkeeper is a nonprofit organization headquartered in Lake Worth, Florida that is dedicated to protecting and restoring the historic Lake Worth Lagoon and surrounding waters in the Greater Everglades from Lake Okeechobee to the Atlantic Ocean.

Missouri Confluence Waterkeeper is a grassroots, citizen-led nonprofit conservation organization headquartered in St. Louis, Missouri focused on clean water and dedicated to protecting fishable, swimmable, drinkable water for all Missourians. 

Monterey Coastkeeper is a program of The Otter Project, a Monterey, California-based nonprofit organization dedicated to protecting water quality, watersheds and coastal oceans in the Central Coast Region from threats for the benefit of California sea otters and human populations through science-based policy and advocacy.

Rio Grande Waterkeeper is the confluence of two great forces for nature–WildEarth Guardians and Waterkeeper Alliance–leveraging collective expertise to protect and restore the iconic Rio Grande from the Rocky Mountains to the Gulf of Mexico.

Russian Riverkeeper is a Healdsburg, California-based nonprofit organization dedicated to conserving and protecting the Russian River’s main stem, tributaries, and watershed through its advocate, educate and celebrate programs since 1993.

Snake River Waterkeeper is a Boise, Idaho-based nonprofit organization dedicated to applying science and law to protect, restore, and sustain the waters of the Snake River Basin. 

Sound Rivers monitors, protects and enhances water quality and ecosystems while supporting environmental justice in North Carolina’s Neuse and Tar-Pamlico River basins through education, outreach and advocacy for fishable, swimmable and drinkable waters.

Upper Missouri Waterkeeper is a not-for-profit organization headquartered in Bozeman, Montana, and is dedicated to defending fishable, swimmable, drinkable water throughout the 25,000 square miles of southwest and west-central Montana’s Upper Missouri River Basin.


Linked Documents & Resources:

Formal Notice of Intent to Sue for Violations of the Endangered Species Act; 2020 Revised Regulatory Definition of “Water of the United States”